SXSW Interactive: Learn from scientists for better journalism

Both journalism and science are about “the quest for truth” said the presenters at the SXSW Interactive panel “What Journalism Can Learn from Science.”

Journalists know something is true when two people say so, said Gideon Lichfield, media editor of The Economist, and Matt Thompson, editorial product manager at NPR and adjunct faculty the Poynter Institute. Scientists are much more rigorous. How can we make journalism more like science?

SXSW Interactive: Health media junkies spoiled with choices

Even though I’m no longer a SXSW Interactive newbie, this year’s huge selection of health-related panels has my head spinning.

The geek in me is drawn to all the mobile application and gadget panels which will showcase eyes-light-up technology that promise everything from help losing weight to pocket-size medical devices that can collect and send data in amazing ways. The reporter in me wants to follow the journalism track all the way through and spend time with my colleagues in our little corner of the media world. But the storyteller in me is drawn most to the panels that blend the tech and human elements of health media.

Read on at ReportingonHealth.org

My first Storify from SXSW Interactive

For my first attempt at storytelling with this new social media tool, I recapped a panel at SXSW Interactive in Austin, Texas. Feedback would be great — should I write more, include more tweets, include fewer tweets? Is this actually good for a reader who wasn’t at the event?

Book Reviews: Full List

All reviews published by Zócalo Public Square unless otherwise noted. Not looking for book reviews? See my portfolio.

Asia

The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa
by Deborah Brautigam
March 9, 2010
If the headlines are any indication, it’s time for a proper China scare.

China Watcher: Confessions of a Peking Tom
by Richard Baum
May 26, 2010
China Watcher is a memoir and a contemporary history rolled into one….

China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know
by Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom
and Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know
by David I. Steinberg
April 21, 2010
Think of the What Everyone Needs to Know series as Lonely Planet for the politically inclined — rich context for the diplomat, the observant traveler, or the news junkie.

Country Driving: A Journey Through China from Farm to Factory
By Peter Hessler
April 14, 2010
Country Driving begins with a driver’s license.

“If You Leave Us Here, We Will Die”:How Genocide was Stopped in East Timor
By Geoffrey Robinson
January 22, 2010
The United Nations has defined genocide as “any act committed with the idea of destroying in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial or religious group,” but what does genocide really mean?

Mao Zedong and China in the Twentieth Century World
By Rebecca E. Karl
September 24, 2010
The “cultural worker” who created art for the benefit of mass politics was Mao’s ideal artist; now his own image is an icon of pop art, overlayed by Warhol hypercolors and juxtaposed with commercial symbols. The kitsch of his anti-capitalist Red Guard — the little red books and propaganda posters that were powerful ideological tools during the Cultural Revolution — have become commodified collectibles.

Nothing to Envy: Ordinary Lives in North Korea
By Barbara Demick
March 3, 2010
As Barbara Demick introduces it, North Korea is quite literally a dark spot in East Asia. At night the country goes black.

Rock & Roll Jihad: A Muslim Rock Star’s Revolution
by Salman Ahmad
February 17, 2010
Rock & Roll Jihad is a straightforward autobiography of a man who, by age 18….

The Uyghurs: Strangers in Their Own Land
by Gardner Bovingdon
January 6, 2011
Gardner Bovingdon fills a large gap in our understanding and misunderstanding of Uyghurs’ political lives. The Uyghurs, a scholarly history that is both cognizant of the past and relevant to the present, illustrates not only how the minority group was oppressed in the northwest province of Xinjiang, but also how its stories have been twisted to fit a “war on terror” narrative.

Whirlwind: The Air War Against Japan, 1942-1945
by Barrett Tillman
March 31, 2010
Barrett Tillman love planes. He loves pilots and dogfights and engines. This propensity comes through quite clearly in Whirlwind, his history of “The Air War Against Japan” in World War II.

Policy

The Aid Trap: Hard Truths About Ending Poverty
by R. Glenn Hubbard and William Duggan
October 29, 2009
In 2006, Warren Buffet made a $31 billion gift to the Gates Foundation. He explained the generous donation this way: “A market system has not worked in terms of poor people.” R. Glenn Hubbard and William Duggan, the dean and a senior lecturer at Columbia Business School, turn Buffet’s assertion on its head in The Aid Trap. Free markets, they say, are not the cause of poverty. Indeed, the market system and strong private business sectors are the solution to poverty.

Beyond America’s Grasp: A Century of Failed Diplomacy in the Middle East
by Stephen P. Cohen
November 25, 2009
It is essential, as the saying goes, to “know thine enemy.” Citizen diplomat and social psychologist Stephen P. Cohen has a different message: Know thine history.

Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What It Will Mean for Our World
by Vali Nasr
November 5, 2009
Americans’ view of Iran has certainly evolved since President George Bush declared the rogue nation a part of his “Axis of Evil”….

Hostage Nation: Colombia’s Guerrilla Army and the Failed War on Drugs
by Victoria Bruce and Karin Hayes, with Jorge Enrique Botero
July 20, 2010
When three American contractors were taken hostage after their plane crashed in the jungles of Colombia in 2003, Victoria Bruce and Karin Hayes were positioned well to tell their stories… The proposal sat on the shelf for years, but the three hostages became an “unshakable part” of the authors’ lives, even though they’d never met.

The Icarus Syndrome: A History of American Hubris
by Peter Beinart
Afaq Al Mustaqbal Magazine (Abu Dhabi), Issue No. 7, Sept/Oct 2010
A review of The Icarus Syndrome and short Q&A with author Peter Beinart, which was translated into Arabic and edited for length (PDF, Arabic).

The Left at War
by Michael Bérubé
December 18, 2009
The central irony of Barack Obama’s Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech is that he used it to make a convincing case for war.

Mohamed’s Ghost
by Stephan Salisbury
August 30, 2010
The introduction to Philadelphia Inquirer reporter Stephan Salisbury’s investigative memoir Mohamed’s Ghosts is titled “How to Take Down A Mosque.” It’s an eye-grabber for anyone who is watching closely the controversy around the Park51 Islamic community center and mosque slated to be built in Lower Manhattan. But Salisbury’s book takes us to another mosque in a rundown neighborhood in Philadelphia.

A Mosque in Munich
by Ian Johnson
June 7, 2010
Reading nonfiction is not usually an adventure the way reading fiction can be. It is more often an intellectual exercise that rarely enters the realm of imagination. But A Mosque in Munich lets readers do both.

The Muslim Brotherhood: The Organization and Policies of a Global Islamist Movement
Edited by Barry Rubin
August 5, 2010
The essayists, mostly scholars, vacillate between taking an even, careful tone and proscribing the decades-old group’s existence outside Egypt. But they also take the more crucial step of explaining what this movement is not.

Questioning the Veil: Open Letters to Muslim Women
By Marnia Lazreg
January 28, 2010
If Muslim women’s bodies represent the war of ideas about Islam, the veil is the greatest battleground.

Reset: Iran, Turkey and America’s Future
By Stephen Zinzer
June 8, 2010
Stephen Kinzer’s 2007 book Overthrow: America’s Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq …demonstrated that Kinzer has an uncanny ability to draw unexpected links between histories of many places. Reset is another accomplishment in that regard. It is a dual history of emerging democracies, histories that resonate with America’s own democratic narrative. Iran and Turkey, Kinzer argues, make for excellent partners in the Middle East because they have, embedded in their cultures, a struggle for democracy. If all this sounds too far-fetched, particularly with oft-maligned Iran, Kinzer’s work begs the reader to take a longer view.

Small Change: Why Business Won’t Save the World
By Michael Edwards
June 29, 2010
Anyone who has worked in the nonprofit sector, with big or small organizations, has likely felt pressure to think about markets and quantify outcomes in a corporate style. Michael Edwards’ Small Change does much to explain and challenge this kind of corporatization of the nonprofit world.

The Twilight of the Bombs: Recent Challenges, New Dangers, and the Prospects for a World Without Nuclear Weapons
By Richard Rhodes
September 28, 2010
Like the training scenes in “The Karate Kid”, it’s hard to understand why we are reading Twilight of the Bomb’s historical minutiae while in the midst of it. If Richard Rhodes’ history is a review of nuclear challenges since the Cold War, it is also a political history, a technical manual, and a diffuse tome to culminate his monumental four-part series on the subject.

War and the Health of Nations
by Zaryab Iqbal
May 26, 2010
The premise of War and the Health of Nations is not all that startling: War is bad for your health.

War is Not Over When it’s Over
by Ann Jones
November 24, 2010
Ann Jones’ first feat is to frame extreme suffering, often seen as something “over there” and “far away,” with immediacy for readers in their comfortable and safe homes.

Why the French Don’t Like Headscarves: Islam, the State, and Public Space
By John R. Bowen
February 10, 2010
Americans share with the French an ideal of religious freedom. But last month, France considered a law ….

Globalization and Immigration

Hyperconflict: Globalization and Insecurity
by James H. Mittelman
May 12, 2010
James H. Mittelman must be watching the crisis in Greece with keen interest. He is the author of Hyperconflict, a book that proposes to change the scale of our language concerning global business, power and conflict.

The Lucky Ones: One Family and the Extraordinary Invention of Chinese America
by Mae Ngai
December 3, 2010
Hyphenated cultures seem to be a natural part of California’s landscape today, but it wasn’t always so. The Lucky Ones by Mae Ngai offers a fresh look at California history by reconstructing the lives of immigrant and second generation pioneers who lived between cultures when it was not such a common phenomenon.

Media

Captive: My Time as a Prisoner of the Taliban
by Jere Van Dyk
July 27, 2010
It had been six years since Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was beheaded in Karachi, and Van Dyk spent his days in a dark room wondering if he would also be killed. This is not a memoir with easy answers about good and evil, however.  It is one that complicates issues of journalistic license, one in which Van Dyk’s anxiety and ambivalence about being a prisoner of the Taliban is palpable.

The Death and Life of American Journalism: The Media Revolution that Will Begin the World Again
by Robert W. McChesney and John Nichols
March 21, 2010
Healthcare reform passed perhaps because enough people recognized a hard-to-swallow truth: people need healthcare and the free market is not providing it well enough. Substitute the news for healthcare and you have a compelling argument for subsidized journalism.

The Tyranny of E-mail: The Four-Thousand-Year Journey to Your Inbox
by John Freeman
November 17, 2009
It is not particularly surprising that a ubiquitous literary critic finds our growing e-mail culture a soul crushing experience. John Freeman was a freelance writer before becoming the editor of Granta, the century-old literary magazine….

Health and Science

Science vs Religion: What Scientists Really Think
by Elaine Howard Ecklund
July 13, 2010
The 2005 lawsuit known as the Dover trial pit religion against science in the most virulent of ways. Parents challenged a school district’s requirement that intelligent design be taught alongside evolution in high school biology classes. The judge’s ruling — that intelligent design is not science, but rather an intrusion of religion on a state institution — sparked criticism and praise from all sides. Around the same time, Congress tried to loosen restrictions on embryonic stem cell research — another flashpoint in the battle between science and religion — only to face criticism and a veto. It was during these tumultuous years that Elaine Howard Ecklund entered the fray to record the conflict from the nation’s ivory towers.

My Worlds Collide: Global Conflict and Public Health

After years of writing about Asia and globalization, politics and conflict, I’ve taken on a new gig as the community manager and frequent blogger at ReportingonHealth.org. Certainly, there are a lot of new skills and background to pick up as I learn more about health in America, but, as it turns out, my dual interests are also not that far apart.

Health care reform, diabesity and the language of health journalism

Since Sunday evening this week, I’ve been spending time with National Health Journalism Fellows in downtown Los Angeles. We’ve visited slum housing, debated the terminology used in news reports about domestic violence, spent an evening at the ER, and dissected the legislative debates surrounding health care reform. You can read my live-blogging from the seminar on at ReportingonHealth.org and keep up with later posts, written by other people, on The Fellowships Blog or with @ReportingHealth on Twitter.

But for now, here is a post about one of the panels which I thought merited some discussion, even beyond the health journalism sphere. The speaker gave some specific admonitions about language in news. You can comment here or at the orignal Reporting on Health post.

Smoking

I’m just catching up with the news about the wildfires in Southern California. A friend told me that the Los Angeles Times is really covering the story well — and it’s true. I really like the “Voices from the Field” stories — I was happy to see the coverage not focused on the Malibu elite, including a nice feature about a firefighter’s wife. The Governator is getting some good press out of this whole thing, as well.

It’s funny, the synergies you get between places really far away. On Monday, I was in the library working as close to the newspaper stands as I could get while still allowed to drink coffee. (Lucky for me, there’s a cafe near the newspaper and magazine racks.) That morning I chose the Financial Times.

Page 3 of the Asia edition:

071022financialtimes.jpg

The caption begins: “Arnold Schwarzeneggar relaxes with a cigar…” and the article, by Matthew Garrahan, begins:

Politicians used to meet in smoke-filled back rooms. Arnold Schwarzenegger, action movie star turned governor of California, prefers open-air tents.

As a cigar connoisseur, he had to come up with a novel way around California’s ban on smoking in public places when he was first elected four years ago. He had a tent built outside the capitol building in Sacramento where he can ponder policy while smoking his cherished Macanudo cigars or offer advice to fellow conservatives eager to win elections.

But look closely at the image. The cigar has a black strip across it.

I know Singaporeans are tough on smoking. There are very few public places that you can actually smoke here. (Careful with the links if you’re squeamish.) On my first trip to 7-Eleven, I learned that vendors are required to place some pretty brutal images of potential health risks on cigarette cartons, a practice that several other countries have also adopted. In March, the government launched a shocking “Quit Smoking” campaign which drew some angst. American anti-smoking campaigns seem pretty tame in comparison.

So I wondered, is this why the pink paper has censored the Getty image it was running? Is there some rule about publishing images of smoking here? There’s not a lot of documentation on the Internet about newspapers blacking out images of cigars or cigarettes. I found one blogger’s account of the act of smoking being black-dotted on television. But I could not find a statue or law or even mild suggestion that newspapers should not show images cigars or cigarettes.

What I did find — and what a colleague told me was probably FT’s motivation — is a very strict advertising statute. There are serious penalties for newspapers that have endorsements or even remotely appear to be endorsing smoking. While Arnold subverted California’s strict smoking laws, the Financial Times, it appears, could not get around Singapore’s.

If anyone has seen this blackout in other editions of the Financial Times, I’d love to hear about it.